US President Donald Trump said on Friday he aborted a military strike to retaliate for Iran's downing of an unmanned US drone because it could have killed 150 people, and signalled he was open to talks with Tehran.
An Iranian surface-to-air missile destroyed a US Global Hawk surveillance drone on Thursday. Tehran said the drone was shot down over its territory and Washington said it occurred in international airspace over the Strait of Hormuz.
The incident aggravated fears of a direct military clash between the longtime foes. Oil futures rose more than 1 percent to above $65 per barrel on Friday over worries about possible disruptions to crude exports from the Gulf.
Trump's decision to cancel what he said was a planned attack on three sites suggests he wants a diplomatic solution to end weeks of festering tensions with Iran, which Washington accuses of a spate of attacks on oil tankers in the Gulf region.
"I'm not looking for war, and if there is, it'll be obliteration like you've never seen before. But I'm not looking to do that," Trump told NBC News in an interview aired on Friday night.
Iranian sources told Reuters that Trump had warned Tehran via Oman that the US attack was imminent, but had said he was against war and wanted talks. Washington also requested a closed-door UN Security Council meeting on Monday.
The State Department denied the Reuters report. "Reports that a message was passed last night to the Iranians via an Omani back channel are completely false. These reports are pure Iranian propaganda," department spokeswoman Morgan Ortagus said on Twitter.
In a series of early-morning tweets, Trump said he was in no hurry to launch a strike and that US economic sanctions designed to force Iran to curb its nuclear and missile programs and its involvement in regional wars were having an effect.
"We were cocked & loaded to retaliate last night," Trump tweeted.
"Ten minutes before the strike I stopped it, not proportionate to shooting down an unmanned drone. I am in no hurry, our military is rebuilt, new, and ready to go, by far the best in the world," Trump tweeted.
Typically, the US military would seek to target Iranian facilities that could be connected to the shooting down of the American drone. The military would not seek to inflict casualties and although Iranian military casualties could occur in an attack, forecasts such as 150 are normally only rough estimates.
White House national security adviser John Bolton, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and CIA Director Gina Haspel, along with the rest of Trump's team, favoured a retaliatory strike, a senior Trump administration official said.
"There was complete unanimity amongst the president's advisers and DOD (Department of Defense) leadership on an appropriate response to Iran's activities. The president made the final decision," said the official.
Trump's decision drew mixed reviews in Washington, with some people criticizing him for flinching while others, notably senior Democrats, praised what they saw as a restraint.
"A strike of that amount of collateral damage would be very provocative, and I'm glad the president did not take that," House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, the top Democrat in Congress, told reporters.
However, Michael Makovsky, a former Pentagon official who heads the Jewish Institute for National Security of America, a think tank that favours strong US-Israeli security ties, said Trump was undermining US credibility.
"Trump has given the impression he lost his nerve," Makovsky said in a statement.
Iran's destruction of the US drone was the latest among ever more serious incidents in the Gulf region, a critical artery for global oil supplies, since mid-May.
There have also been explosions on six oil tankers that the US suspects Iran or its proxies of carrying out. Iran has denied any involvement.
After interviewing Trump for NBC's "Meet the Press" program, NBC correspondent Chuck Todd said Trump had said he had no preconditions for talks with Iran and was willing to speak to Iranian President Hassan Rouhani or Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.
SECURITY THREATS IN IRAQ
US forces are preparing to evacuate nearly 400 people working for Lockheed Martin Corp and Sallyport Global from an Iraqi military base north of Baghdad over potential security threats, Iraqi military sources said on Friday.
The sources did not give any details about the threats. Three bases hosting US forces in Iraq have been attacked in the past week with no claims of responsibility. Local officials blamed Iran-backed Shi'ite militias for one of the incidents.
Trump on Friday spoke with Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman about Middle East stability and the oil market, the White House said.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel said on Friday she and fellow EU leaders "are concerned about the situation and support diplomatic negotiations, a political solution for a very tense situation."
Some global airlines are re-routing flights to avoid Iran-controlled airspace over the Strait of Hormuz and Gulf of Oman, they said on Friday after the US Federal Aviation Administration barred US air carriers from the area.
TRUMP MESSAGE TO IRAN
News of the Trump message to Iran, delivered through Oman overnight, broke shortly after the New York Times reported that Trump had called off air strikes targeting Iranian radar and missile batteries at the last minute.
"In his message, Trump said he was against any war with Iran and wanted to talk to Tehran about various issues," one Iranian official told Reuters, speaking on condition of anonymity.
"He gave a short period of time to get our response, but Iran's immediate response was that it is up to Supreme Leader Khamenei to decide about this issue."
A second Iranian official said: "We made it clear that the leader is against any talks, but the message will be conveyed to him to make a decision.
"However, we told the Omani official that any attack against Iran will have regional and international consequences."
Khamenei has the last say on all state matters and has ruled out any talks with Washington while Tehran is under sanctions.
Trump's decision in May to tighten sanctions to try to eliminate Iran's oil exports led to the latest tensions. In May 2018, Trump unilaterally withdrew Washington from a 2015 accord between Iran and major powers under which Tehran curtailed its path to building a nuclear bomb in return for sanctions relief.