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    Recap 2020: Conflicts that shook the world this year

    Recap 2020: Conflicts that shook the world this year

    Recap 2020: Conflicts that shook the world this year
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    By CNBCTV18.com  IST (Updated)

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    SUMMARY

    Violent conflicts continued across the globe this year despite the alarming spread of COVID-19 pandemic. While some where the continuation of ongoing tensions such as in Syria and middle-east there were also conflicts like those between India and China have raised concerns about future of the planet.

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    The year 2020 has been one of the most disastrous years in recent history with the coronavirus pandemic creating havoc across the world. Despite the crisis, violent conflicts continued across the globe. While tensions in the Arab world continued, including in Syria, Yemen and other countries in the Middle East, tensions grew between neighbours India and China. Let's take a look at conflicts that made matters worse this year. (Image: Reuters)

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    Armenia-Azerbaijan clashes | In July 2020, armed forces of Armenian and Azerbaijani clashed near Movses in Tavush Province of Armenia, and Agdam in Tovuz District of Azerbaijan at the Armenian-Azerbaijani state border. Both sides accused each other of reigniting the conflict, which erupted at the Ganja gap, which is a strategic route transport corridor for Azerbaijan. Pictured: Smoke and flames rise from a burning house in an area once occupied by Armenian forces now turned over to Azerbaijan, in Karvachar. (AP Photo/Dmitry Lovetsky)

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    Assassination of Iranian major general Qasem Soleimani | Soleimani was assassinated on January 3 in US drone strike near Baghdad International Airport. Media outlets described Soleimani's killing as an assassination. Soleimani had disembarked from a plane at Baghdad airport when he was killed in a US drone airstrike. Pictured: Iranian people attend a funeral procession and burial of Soleimani, head of the elite Iranian Quds Force. (Image: Reuters)

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    India-China Border standoff | The 2020 skirmishes between India and China began in May this year, with military personnel from both countries engaging in aggressive melee, face-offs and skirmishes at along the border near Pangong Lake in Ladakh. On the intervening night of June 15/16, around 20 Indian soldiers (including an officer) and 43 Chinese soldiers (including an officer) died in overnight clashing. Pictured: An Indian Army convoy moves along a highway leading to Ladakh, at Gagangeer in Kashmir's Ganderbal district tensions with China. (Image: Reuters)

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    Saudi Arabia-Yemen conflict | A bitter battle ensued between Saudi Arabia and Houthi rebels in Yemen, after they ousted pro-Saudi president Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi. The conflict began in 2015, but the United Nations intervened in April 2020 and urged both sides to pursue peace talks amid the COVID-19 pandemic. A Saudi-led coalition called a unilateral ceasefire in April. However, Saudi-led coalition carried out dozens of airstrikes within a week and on July 2, coalition fighter jets launched scores of airstrikes on several Yemeni provinces. The operation was a response to ballistic missile and drone launchings by the Houthis against Saudi Arabia. Both sides have increased attacks since September. Pictured: A worker reacts as he stands on the wreckage of a vehicle at an oil and tires store, which was damaged in a Saudi-led airstrike in Sanaa, Yemen. (Image: Reuters)

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    Kurdish forces fighting against ISIS | Despite the terror organisation's defeat in Iraq and Syria, ISIS fighters continue to carry out attacks in border areas. The UN recently said that of over 10,000 fighters of the terror outfit were active in both countries and they had stepped up attacks amid the coronavirus pandemic. Pictured: Members of Kurdish Peshmerga Special Forces demonstrate their skills during their graduation ceremony at a military camp in Soran district, in Erbil province, Iraq. (Image: Reuters)

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    Syrian civil war | The internal fight which commenced during the 2011 Arab Spring protests, was followed by calls to remove Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. Things got out of control when protesters were violently suppressed by Syrian authorities. The conflict escalated in March 2011 and is now being fought by several factions. The overall death toll in the nearly decade-long war has climbed to 387,000, according to latest data. However, fighting in the country decreased in 2020 following a ceasefire in northwest Syria and the coronavirus pandemic. Pictured: An unexploded missile is seen in a field off the road outside Maarat al-Numan, Syria. (Image: Reuters)

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    Israeli-Palestinian conflict | Despite the struggle continuing between the two countries for over 50 years, numerous attempts have been made to resolve the conflict and bring peace in the region. However, according to Human Rights Watch, the Israeli government continued to enforce severe and discriminatory restrictions on Palestinians' human rights in 2020, restricting the movement of people and goods in and out of the Gaza Strip. It also facilitate the transfer of Israeli citizens to settlements in occupied West Bank, a practice considered illegal under international humanitarian laws. Pictured: The Iron Dome anti-missile system fires interception missiles as rockets are launched from Gaza towards Israel, as seen from the city of Ashkelon, Israel. (Image: Reuters)

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    War in Donbass, Ukraine | The armed conflict in Ukraine's Donbass region began in the aftermath of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution, where protests by Russia-backed anti-government separatist groups took place in the Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts of Ukraine. The demonstrations was followed by the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation and escalated into an armed conflict between the separatist forces of the self-declared Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics and the Ukrainian government. Although multiple ceasefires have been reached between warring parties, it was only since July 2020 that no Ukrainian combat losses were reported for a month. Ukrainian authorities say that until November 2020, Ukrainian mortal losses decreased tenfold. Pictured: Relatives hold portraits of Ukrainian serviceman, who was killed in the conflict in eastern Ukraine, during a rally to commemorate the 6th anniversary of the Battle of Ilovaisk in front of the Russian embassy in Kyiv, Ukraine. (Image: Reuters)

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    The South Sudan Civil War | The conflict in South Sudan between government forces and civilians began in December 2013, after President Kiir accused his former deputy Riek Machar and 10 others of attempting a coup d'état. About 4,00,000 people have been estimated to have been killed in the war until April 2018. Despite multiple ceasefires, reports in August 2020 suggested that over 100 people were killed in South Sudan clashes in two days. Despite a power-sharing agreement and arms embargo by the United Nations in place, Amnesty International has reported that South Sudan continues to import arms. Pictured: A South Sudan military officer attends a parade before the signing of a peace agreement between Sudan's transitional government and Sudanese revolutionary movements to end the decades-old conflict, in Juba, South Sudan. (Image: Reuters)

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    Ethiopia's Tigray conflict | The ongoing armed conflict began in November 2020 in Tigray, Ethiopia, between the Region's special forces led by the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) and an alliance of the Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF), special forces in Afar and Amhara, and the Eritrean defense force. While the UN has warned against gross violations of human rights, it called the situation “exceedingly worrying and volatile” as fighting continues in areas surrounding Tigray region. Tigray is now cut off from the world with food and medicine desperately needed by 6 million in the region. Pictured: An Ethiopian woman who fled the ongoing fighting in Tigray region, carries her child near the Setit river on the Sudan-Ethiopia border in Hamdayet village in eastern Kassala state, Sudan. (Image: Reuters)

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