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Far right protest during Auschwitz camp liberation commemoration

Updated : 2019-01-28 14:30:30

Dozens of Polish far right nationalists gathered at the Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland on Sunday to protest at the same time as officials and survivors marked the 74th anniversary of the camp's liberation in an annual ceremony.

The two parties gathered in different parts of the camp, now an open-air museum, and did not encounter each other. It was the first time the far right has held a protest at Auschwitz at the annual event, which is also International Holocaust Victims Remembrance Day.

At the official ceremony on Sunday, Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki and other government officials were joined in prayer by some of the last remaining survivors of the death camp.

In another location at the site, far right protesters wrapped in Polish flags, some stamped with the words "Polish Holocaust", laid flowers and sang the Polish national anthem.

"The Jewish nation and Israel is doing everything to change the history of the Polish nation," said Piotr Rybak of the Polish Independence Movement, who led Sunday's protest. "Polish patriots cannot allow this."

Asked by an opposition politician on Twitter how long it would take the government to react to such situations, Interior Minister Joachim Brudzinski wrote: "React to what? To the fact that someone is not in their right mind and blames all the evil in this world and his frustrations on a particular nation?"

"If you are trying to blame this government for anti-Semitism in the heads of seriously crazy (I believe) fools, it is indecent and unwise," he added.

The protest comes at a time of surging anti-Semitism in parts of Europe and as critics accuse the PiS of trying to build a nationalist sense of grievance among Poles by seeking to minimise Polish complicity in the Holocaust.

During decades of communist rule, Poles were taught to believe that, with a few exceptions, the nation had conducted itself honourably during a war that killed a fifth of the population.

Many still refuse to accept research showing thousands participated in the Holocaust -- in addition to the thousands that had risked their lives to help the Jews -- and feel the West has failed to recognise Poland's own wartime suffering.

More than 3 million of Poland's 3.2 million Jews were murdered by the Nazis, accounting for about half of the Jews killed in the Holocaust. Jews from across Europe were sent to be killed at death camps built and operated by the Germans on Polish soil, including Auschwitz, Treblinka, Belzec and Sobibor.

According to the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, the Nazis also killed at least 1.9 million non-Jewish Polish civilians.

Diplomatic relations between Poland and Israel were strained last year after the PiS government sought to impose jail terms for suggesting the nation was complicit in the Holocaust.

People arrive to lay wreaths at the
People arrive to lay wreaths at the "death wall" at the former Nazi German concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz, during the ceremonies marking the 74th anniversary of the liberation of the camp and International Holocaust Victims Remembrance Day, in Oswiecim, Poland, January 27, 2019. REUTERS/Kacper Pempel
A survivor is seen at the former Nazi German concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz, as he attends ceremonies marking the 74th anniversary of the liberation of the camp and International Holocaust Victims Remembrance Day, in Oswiecim, Poland, January 27, 2019. REUTERS/Kacper Pempel
A survivor is seen at the former Nazi German concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz, as he attends ceremonies marking the 74th anniversary of the liberation of the camp and International Holocaust Victims Remembrance Day, in Oswiecim, Poland, January 27, 2019. REUTERS/Kacper Pempel
People arrive to lay wreaths at the
People arrive to lay wreaths at the "death wall" at the former Nazi German concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz, during the ceremonies marking the 74th anniversary of the liberation of the camp and International Holocaust Victims Remembrance Day, in Oswiecim, Poland, January 27, 2019. REUTERS/Kacper Pempel
Survivors are seen at the former Nazi German concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz, as they attend ceremonies marking the 74th anniversary of the liberation of the camp and International Holocaust Victims Remembrance Day, in Oswiecim, Poland, January 27, 2019. REUTERS/Kacper Pempel
Survivors are seen at the former Nazi German concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz, as they attend ceremonies marking the 74th anniversary of the liberation of the camp and International Holocaust Victims Remembrance Day, in Oswiecim, Poland, January 27, 2019. REUTERS/Kacper Pempel
Survivors arrive to lay wreaths at the
Survivors arrive to lay wreaths at the "death wall" at the former Nazi German concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz, during the ceremonies marking the 74th anniversary of the liberation of the camp and International Holocaust Victims Remembrance Day, in Oswiecim, Poland, January 27, 2019. REUTERS/Kacper Pempel
Far right activists walk past the
Far right activists walk past the "Arbeit Macht Frei" gate at the former Nazi German concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz, to attend the ceremonies marking the 74th anniversary of the liberation of the camp and International Holocaust Victims Remembrance Day, in Oswiecim, Poland, January 27, 2019. REUTERS/Kacper Pempel
Far right ONR (National Radical Camp) activists walk past the
Far right ONR (National Radical Camp) activists walk past the "Arbeit Macht Frei" gate at the former Nazi German concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz, to pay tribute for Polish victims at the "death wall", during the ceremonies marking the 74th anniversary of the liberation of the camp and International Holocaust Victims Remembrance Day, in Oswiecim, Poland, January 27, 2019. REUTERS/Kacper Pempel
Far right activists lay wreaths at the
Far right activists lay wreaths at the "death wall" in the former Nazi German concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz to pay tribute to Polish victims, during the ceremonies marking the 74th anniversary of the liberation of the camp and International Holocaust Victims Remembrance Day, in Oswiecim, Poland, January 27, 2019. REUTERS/Kacper Pempel
Far right activists lay wreaths at the
Far right activists lay wreaths at the "death wall" in the former Nazi German concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz, to pay tribute to Polish victims, during the ceremonies marking the 74th anniversary of the liberation of the camp and International Holocaust Victims Remembrance Day, in Oswiecim, Poland, January 27, 2019. REUTERS/Kacper Pempel
A woman hold polish flags as she arrives at the former Nazi German concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz, during the ceremonies marking the 74th anniversary of the liberation of the camp and International Holocaust Victims Remembrance Day, in Oswiecim, Poland, January 27, 2019. REUTERS/Kacper Pempel
A woman hold polish flags as she arrives at the former Nazi German concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz, during the ceremonies marking the 74th anniversary of the liberation of the camp and International Holocaust Victims Remembrance Day, in Oswiecim, Poland, January 27, 2019. REUTERS/Kacper Pempel
Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki speaks during a commemoration event at the former Nazi German concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz II-Birkenau, during the ceremonies marking the 74th anniversary of the liberation of the camp and International Holocaust Victims Remembrance Day, near Oswiecim, Poland, January 27, 2019. Agencja Gazeta/Jakub Porzycki via REUTERS
Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki speaks during a commemoration event at the former Nazi German concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz II-Birkenau, during the ceremonies marking the 74th anniversary of the liberation of the camp and International Holocaust Victims Remembrance Day, near Oswiecim, Poland, January 27, 2019. Agencja Gazeta/Jakub Porzycki via REUTERS
Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki, deputy Prime Minister Beata Szydlo and Undersecretary of State at the Chancellery of the President of Poland Wojciech Kolarski place candles at the Monument to the Victims during a commemoration event at the former Nazi German concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz II-Birkenau, during the ceremonies marking the 74th anniversary of the liberation of the camp and International Holocaust Victims Remembrance Day, near Oswiecim, Poland, January 27, 2019. Agencja Gazeta/Jakub Porzycki via REUTERS
Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki, deputy Prime Minister Beata Szydlo and Undersecretary of State at the Chancellery of the President of Poland Wojciech Kolarski place candles at the Monument to the Victims during a commemoration event at the former Nazi German concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz II-Birkenau, during the ceremonies marking the 74th anniversary of the liberation of the camp and International Holocaust Victims Remembrance Day, near Oswiecim, Poland, January 27, 2019. Agencja Gazeta/Jakub Porzycki via REUTERS
People walk along the fence of the former Nazi German concentration and extermination camp Birkenau, during the ceremonies marking the 74th anniversary of the liberation of the camp and International Holocaust Victims Remembrance Day, near Oswiecim, Poland, January 27, 2019. REUTERS/Kacper Pempel
People walk along the fence of the former Nazi German concentration and extermination camp Birkenau, during the ceremonies marking the 74th anniversary of the liberation of the camp and International Holocaust Victims Remembrance Day, near Oswiecim, Poland, January 27, 2019. REUTERS/Kacper Pempel
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