Sensex and Nifty50 concluded Samvat 2077 -- the year between Diwali 2020 and Diwali 2021 -- with returns to the tune of around 40 percent each.
Samvat 2077 was a good year for Dalal Street, with benchmark indices rewarding investors with returns to the tune of 40 percent. The rally continued to aid investors' risk appetite as both headline indices -- the 30-scrip Sensex index and the broader Nifty barometer -- broke a series of records.
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Across-the-board buying propelled the gauges' journey to unprecedented levels, as during the year, the Sensex surpassed the 60,000 mark for the first time, and the Nifty50 topped 18,000.
In Samvat 2077, the 30-scrip index added 16,328.9 points, a return of 37.6 percent. The broader Nifty50 gauge gained 5,109.3 points or 40.2 percent.
Broader markets boosted investors' sentiment in a big way. The Nifty Midcap 100 index surged 70 percent during the year to Diwali 2021, and its smallcap counterpart spiked 44.4 percent. Surplus liquidity, low-interest rates and corporate earnings were the key themes in the year gone by, as businesses endured against the coronavirus pandemic.
What powered the dream run?
Here are some key factors behind the phenomenal returns in the year-gone by:
--Liquidity aplenty on account of pandemic-era stimulus, low-interest rates
--Upbeat corporate earnings
--Retail investor participation
The improving pace of COVID-19 vaccinations around the globe kept investors upbeat. Besides, optimism on a quicker-than-expected recovery continued to boost investors' sentiment, as the focus shifted to technology and pharma from the traditional favourite, the banking space. Concerns over inflation and rising input costs capped the upside.
IT, metal, and metal shares were at the forefront of the rally. Among NSE's sectoral gauges, the realty index soared the most, ending Samvat 2077 with a 126 percent gain. The Nifty Realty index's performance was followed closely by the Nifty Metal (112 percent), Nifty PSU Bank (106 percent) and Consumer Durables (70 percent) gauges.
The banking pack make a big comeback this time around. The Bank Nifty index rose 38.4 percent between Diwali 2020 and Diwali 2021, following a decline of 3.2 percent in Samvat 2076. The Nifty IT index jumped 64 percent.
|Samvat 2077||Samvat 2076|
|Nifty PSU Bank||106.3||-38.6|
|Nifty Consumer Durables||70.1||-0.5|
|Nifty Oil & Gas||52.6||3.6|
|Nifty Financial Services||37.4||3.2|
|Nifty Private Bank||28.1||-2.7|
Market veteran Motilal Oswal, CEO and Managing Director of Motilal Oswal Financial Services, said the key themes in Samvat 2077 were high beta, cyclical and value stocks.
In the Nifty50 universe, as many as 46 stocks rose in the year to Diwali 2021, with seven actually more than doubling investors' money.
|Tata Motors||231.5||Asian Paints||45.9|
|Tata Steel||172.6||HCL Tech||42.1|
|Bajaj Finserv||141.1||SBI Life||41.70|
|JSW Steel||98.1||Reliance Industries||24.4|
|Adani Ports||94.8||Shree Cements||23.3|
|Bajaj Finance||72.1||Kotak Mahindra Bank||15.3|
|ICICI Bank||61.6||Maruti Suzuki||13.5|
|Indian Oil||56.6||Hindustan Unilever||10.6|
|Divi's Labs||49.8||Power Grid||-2.6|
|Bharti Airtel||46.6||Hero MotoCorp||-15.4|
At the top among the seven was Tata Motors, giving a return of 231.5 percent during the year, followed by Tata Steel's 172.6 percent. Bajaj Finserv, SBI, Hindalco, Grasim and ONGC were next, rising between 110.8 percent and 141.1 percent.
What powered the rally in Samvat 2077?
"Fundamental support to the market rally has been from the steadily improving corporate results, which indicate a sharp turnaround in India Inc's performance, which in turn, has been aided by the cut in corporate tax and a steep decline in interest rate," said VK Vijayakumar, Chief Investment Strategist at Geojit Financial Services.
A notable feature of the rally, which has not seen a major correction so far, is the exuberant participation of retail investors. "Retail investors are the dominant players in the market now. We don't know how long this will last since valuations are stretched and many foreign brokerages have downgraded India on excessive valuations," he added.
What to expect from Samvat 2078
Most experts see modest returns in the coming year, the Samvat 2078, which begins on the day of Diwali, November 4, 2021.
Oswal expects the earnings growth to revive going forward in tandem with a pickup in the economic cycle. "Although there would be ups and downs in-between, we expect the overall trend of the market to remain positive in Samvat 2078 as well," he said.
In the coming year, some of the themes expected to play out include technology, travel, tourism, leisure, QSR, real estate, and ancillaries like cement and other building material companies. "Stock selection was the key in generating returns within the midcap space during Samvat 2077, a trend which we believe could continue going ahead as well," he said.
Focus on quality
"It would be safe to remain invested in high-quality stocks in performing sectors like private sector banking, leading names in the mortgage, fintech and financial services, and IT- and construction-related sectors," Vijayakumar added.
(Edited by : Abhishek Jha)