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    Key metrics to assess a life insurance business and here’s where LIC stands

    Key metrics to assess a life insurance business and here’s where LIC stands

    Key metrics to assess a life insurance business and here’s where LIC stands
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    By CNBCTV18.com  IST (Published)

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    LIC IPO: The proposed initial share sale of the Life Insurance Company of India will be the largest the country has seen so far. The IPO, through which the government will likely raise Rs 21,000 crore by offloading 3.5 percent of its 100 percent stake, will likely hit the Street early next month. Here's how the state-run life insurer fares among its peers.

    All eyes on Dalal Street are on the upcoming mega initial public offering (IPO) of the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC). The proposed initial share sale of the state-run life insurance behemoth will be the largest the country has seen so far. The IPO, through which the government will likely raise Rs 21,000 crore by offloading 3.5 percent of its 100 percent stake, will likely hit the Street early next month.
    LIC's IPO is likely to take the top spot in terms of size from Paytm parent One97 Communications,  whose Rs 18,300-crore share sale in November failed to attract the kind of investor response enjoyed by most primary market offerings in November 2021.
    CompanySize (in crore rupees)
    Paytm18,300
    Coal India15,475
    Reliance Power11,700
    GIC11,373
    SBI Cards10,350
    New India Assurance9,600
    DLF

    9,187

    LIC's IPO comes amid intense competition in the industry, with the state-run company losing market share to private sector peers over the past few years.
    Here's a look at some of the biggest strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats for LIC:
    StrengthsWeaknesses
    Brand name, vast portfolio, market share, inorganic growth, high disposable incomeHighly competitive industry, lack of investment in tech, loss-making investments in past
    OpportunitiesThreats
    Product portfolio expansion, ability to spend heavily on adsPandemic, assumptions may not materialise, interest rate fluctuations may affect profitability
    Here's how LIC fares among peers on five key metrics:
    Market share
    LIC has a market share of more than 66 percent. However, it has been losing market share to private sector peers in the recent past.
    From April 2021 to January 2022, LIC lost 500 basis points in market share to the private life insurance industry. HDFC Life gained a market share of 112 basis points, SBI Life of 178 basis points, ICICI Prudential Life of 38 basis points and Max Life of 11 basis points during this period.
    Network
    LIC has the strongest network of agents in the country. As of March 2021, the state-run life insurer had more than 13.5 lakh agents across the country.
    New business premium
    A new business premium - or the premium acquired from new policies in a given period - is an important measure of profitability for insurance companies.
    Solvency ratio
    The solvency ratio indicates an insurer's ability to meet its long-term debt obligations. An insurer with a high solvency ratio has more chances of meeting its policy-related liabilities.
    Annualised premium equivalent
    According to Morgan Stanley, industry individual annualised premium equivalent (APE) recovered to double digits in March 2022, from mid single digits in the first two months of 2022 on account of the Omicron wave.
    Profit after tax
     
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