Gold prices scaled a more than the one-week peak on Thursday, as the dollar slipped after dovish remarks from the US Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell boosted the case for an interest rate cut later this month.
Spot gold was up 0.4 percent $1,424.21 per ounce as of 0337 GMT, after earlier hitting its highest since July 3 at $1,426.
US gold futures jumped 1percent to $1,424.36.
"Last night's move from the Fed is pretty convincing that they are going towards more of a risk management overview policy which is dovish," said Stephen Innes, managing partner at Vanguard Markets, adding "also dollar trading lower is a huge support for gold"
"Fed not only focused on concerns within the US economy but also took into consideration the global economy, the negative impact from trade wars and basically hitting all the right buttons for gold bulls."
In his testimony to Congress, Powell pointed to "broad" global weakness that was clouding the US economic outlook amid uncertainty about the fallout from the Trump administration's trade conflict with China and other nations.
Adding to a generally dovish tone in his testimony, the minutes from the Fed's previous policy meeting showed many policymakers thought more stimulus would be needed soon, reviving speculation of an aggressive rate cut.
"Powell's testimony made sure that there is a rate cut on the cards this month. He has provided a loser monetary policy base for gold prices gain further," said Howie Lee, an economist at OCBC Bank.
In the wake of Powell's comments, the dollar sagged, moving further away from a three-week peak, while the US Treasury yield curve steepened.
Lower interest rates decrease the opportunity cost of holding nonyielding bullion and weigh on the dollar, making gold cheaper for investors holding other currencies.
The Fed chair's cautious stance on the world's largest economy helped revive some bets on heftier easing at its next policy meeting on July 30-31 - chance of a 50 bps cut rose to 27.6 percent from 3.3 percent on Tuesday, according to CME Group's FedWatch tool.
Prospects of a US interest rate cut also spurred investors towards riskier assets, with the S&P 500 briefly crossing the 3,000-point mark for the first time.
"When we see this correlation where gold is going up and equity markets are also going higher this is a very bullish signal for gold. Gold to me is looking at a bigger picture which is a global risk, growth sentiment, escalations in the Middle East," Innes from Vanguard Markets said.
Indicative of sentiment, holdings of SPDR Gold Trust, the world's largest gold-backed exchange-traded fund, rose 0.8 percenton Wednesday.
Elsewhere, silver gained 0.3 percent to $15.28 per ounce, platinum rose 0.3 percent to $826.90
Palladium climbed 0.3 percent to $1,593 an ounce, after hitting its highest since March 22 at $1,599.01.