At least 10 cases of Zika virus have been reported in the state of Kerala. 13 samples were sent to the National Institute of Virology in Pune and 10 come back positive, sources told News18. All 10 cases were reported from Thiruvananthapuram.
Health Minister of Kerala, Veena George said, “We have doubts about 13 positives in the samples sent to NIV”, reported News18.
According to the World Health Organisation, the Zika virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that is usually borne by the Aedes aegypti species of mosquitoes, the same which transmits dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever.
Symptoms & Treatment
The disease is usually spread by mosquitoes, the transmission of bodily fluids, and sexual intercourse. The infection is usually mild in nature, but it can be transmitted easily and cause birth defects in pregnant women.
Zika virus doesn’t have any known treatment neither do any of the diseases associated with the virus. With the symptoms being mild in most cases, patients are advised to get plenty of rest, drink a lot of fluids and take common analgesics for pain and fever.
In case that a pregnant woman contracts the virus, individuals are urged to immediately seek medical attention to mitigate and monitor the effects of the virus on the pregnancy.
With there being no cure to the Zika virus, the primary way of combating the disease is through prevention of the disease. The disease is easily transmissible and can easily spread to endemic levels without proper intervention and prevention protocols.
Individuals travelling to areas with Zika outbreaks are asked to protect themselves from mosquito bites and practise safe sexual activity. According to the US Centers For Disease Control and Prevention, individuals should use “EPA-registered insect repellent with DEET, picaridin, IR3535, oil of lemon eucalyptus or para-menthane-diol, or 2-undecanone”. Individuals are also urged to wear long clothes that cover all of their skin. Staying in rooms with air conditioning and screen doors is also encouraged.
(Edited by : Aditi Gautam)
First Published: IST