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Rani ki Vav: What and where is the monument that appears on the new Rs 100 banknote

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A mixture of architecture, art and science, "Rani-ki-Vav" showcases the distinctive subterranean stepwell construction and represents an example of an architectural type of water resource and storage system.

Rani ki Vav: What and where is the monument that appears on the new Rs 100 banknote

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is all set to issue the new Rs 100 denomination banknotes, with a motif of Rani-ki-Vav, the Queen's step well, on the reverse.

Rani-ki-Vav is a 11th century old heritage site in Patan, Gujarat, on the banks of the Saraswati River, and is a UNESCO heritage site.

A mixture of art and architecture, the step well showcases a distinctive subterranean construction and represents an architectural type of water resource and storage system.
Built in the Maru-Gujara architectural style, the structure is designed in an inverted temple with four storeys and divided into seven levels of stairs.
The complex is filled with 500 intricately designed principle sculptures and thousands of other smaller murals and statues, featuring mythological, religious and secular imagery.
The well, located in the westernmost end of the complex, provided relief from heat and water scarcity, in the arid climate of Patan. The structure enhances the way the well descends from a plateaued entrance, strengthening the perception of the space.
This is the fifth denomination of banknotes which found itself in the make-over chair, after the 2016’s demonetisation move by the government.
Earlier, RBI issued banknotes in the denomination of Rs 50, Rs 200, Rs 500 and Rs 2000 with motifs of Hampi, Sanchi Stupa, Red Fort and the Mangalayan respectively.

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