A journalist, author, columnist, human rights activist, diplomat, peacenik and a doughty fighter against the Emergency - Kuldip Nayar saw India's modern history being made and wrote about it with depth and passion.
Though he wore many hats in his long career, he remained a quintessential journalist till his last breath and did not shy away from speaking his mind, including on communal upsurge.
Nayar (95) was jailed during the Emergency (1975-1977) by the Indira Gandhi government and he fiercely fought for press freedom.
He covered a host of events in his journalistic career spanning over six decades and wrote about major figures in India and the neighbourhood involving the eras of Lal Bahadur Shastri, Jai Prakash Narayan, Indira Gandhi, Zia-ul Haq and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto.
Nayar, who was a media advisor to late Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri, was a witness to the Tashkent Accord signed between India and Pakistan. Shastri had died the same night following a heart attack. He knew former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi so well that he was almost on first name basis with her.
Nayar's ideas were shaped by partition which changed many lives, including his own. The trauma of partition strengthened his belief in pluralism and in the idea of judging a person by his commitments not his religion.
As a dove on Indo-Pak relations, Nayar started the practice of a candlelight vigil at the India-Pakistan border on the night between August 14 and 15 in early nineties and people joined him in marches up to the border at Attari. Though some saw Nayar's move as unrealistic sentimentalism, he was an optimist for peace and firmly felt that war is not an option between the two countries.
He felt that boosting people-to-people contacts was a way to move forward for the two countries and that Kashmir problem can be solved through mutual cooperation, understanding and accommodation.
Nayar, who was frequently asked about his experience of Emergency, had told IANS in an interview that it was nearly impossible to impose it again but an authoritarian system can still prevail.
He was concerned about conformist, indifferent or pro-establishment press and felt that the present conditions in the country require the judiciary, the press and students to speak out.
Born on August 14, 1923, in Sialkot (Pakistan), Nayar joined Delhi-based Urdu newspaper "Anjam" in 1948 and his first major assignment was to write on Mahatma Gandhi's assassination which left a deep impact on him.
He was the Editor and General Manager of United News of India (UNI) and Editor of The Statesman. He also worked with the Indian Express and foreign publications like The Times, London, The Spectator and the Evening Star.
A prolific writer, Nayar was also the author of 15 books including "Beyond the Lines", "India after Nehru" and "Emergency Retold". He was one of the first syndicated columnists of the country.
Nayar loved Urdu and felt that it had not been promoted the way it should have been in post-Independent India.
A widely read political commentator, Nayar felt that Congress should move away from dynastic politics as it was working to the advantage of the BJP. The opposition party, he said, should have learnt its lessons from the Emergency that dynastic politics does not go well with democracy.
Nayar kept alive his interest in the news world till the end. Even on Thursday his last article appeared in the Lokmat Times Edit page in which he had blasted the government on 'Immigrants or Vote Banks'.He was appointed High Commissioner to the UK in 1990 and nominated to the Rajya Sabha in 1997.