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    Kerala floods: A recap of similar deluges in other Indian states

    Kerala floods: A recap of similar deluges in other Indian states

    Kerala floods: A recap of similar deluges in other Indian states
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    By CNBC-TV18  IST (Published)

    Kerala faced its worst floods in a century, with nearly 400 people being killed since May. The state has suffered a loss of Rs. 19,512 crore due to the deluge and nearly 8,00,000 people have lost their homes.
    Though the rains have finally subsided, authorities are now fearing an outbreak of disease among around 725,000 people crammed into the relief camps. However, this isn't the first time the country is witnessing massive destruction of life and property due to floods. For the past few years, almost every year India has had to deal with the disasters, some of them causing severe damage to states within a few days or hours.
    We take a look at some of the worst floods in India in the past few years:
    Bihar
    The state, which is considered to be one of the flood-prone states of India, saw its worst flood in 2004. The rise in water levels of Bagmati, Burhi Gandak, Kamla Balan, Bhutahi Balan and Adhwara due to heavy rainfall caused floods in several villages, leaving 885 people dead. The flood, considered to be the worst after 1987 led to massive destruction of property and crop damage of more than Rs 52,000 lakhs.
    The state still faces floods every now and then. In 2017, the state lost 56 lives due to floods, which also affected nearly 70 lakh people.
    Mumbai
    The finance capital of the country came to its knees on July 26, 2005, when the city witnessed 944 mm rainfall in 24 hours. The death toll stood nearly 700, while 3,00,000 citizens required medical attention.
    The city faces flooding as manifestations of a larger fundamental urban planning issue.
    Chennai 
    In 2015, Chennai, one of India's metropolitan cities, saw the most horrific floods, which was termed as a 'man-made disaster' by the Comptroller and Auditor General  (CAG). The floods claimed nearly 250 lives.
    According to CAG, the discharge of water at 29,000 cusecs continuously for 21 hours on December 1 and 2 of that year into the Adyar river, along with the surplus water from upstream tanks and catchment areas, caused a huge flow of flood waters into the river, thereby drowning the city further. At the time, the city was facing incessant rains due to the El-Nino climatic cycle, which causes global changes in both temperatures and rainfall.
    Uttarakhand 
    Around 6,000 people were killed or presumed missing in India's most disaster-prone state Uttarakhand in 2013. Heavy rainfall and flash floods across the state affected more than 4,200 villages. Around 3,300 houses were completely damaged.
    A National Institute of Disaster Management report said that though all 13 districts of the state were hit, Bageshwar, Chamoli, Pithoragarh, Rudraprayag and Uttarkashi were the worst affected.
    Jammu and Kashmir
    The state lost nearly 300 lives in 2014. Apart from the damage caused to 26,1361 structures, 3.27 lakh hectares of agricultural land and 3.96 lakh hectares of horticulture land also suffered damage.
    The state witnessed excessive rains after September 3, that year.
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