Business Bharat Ratna for Nanaji Deshmukh, Bhupen Hazarika and Pranab Mukherjee Updated : January 25, 2019 09:58 PM IST Bharat Ratna, the country’s highest civilian award was instituted in 1954. The award is given in recognition of exceptional service, performance of the highest order in any field of human endeavour. Subscribe to Moneycontrol PRO at just Rs.33/- per month for the first year. Use code SUPERPRO. Limited period offer. Available on Web and Android.