Total sugar production in 2019-20 is expected to be 282 lakh tonnes, which will be 47 lakh tonnes lower than in the current sugar season, the Indian Sugar Mills Association (ISMA) said on Monday.
Based on satellite images procured in the latter part of June 2019, the ISMA has come up the preliminary estimate of sugarcane and sugar production for 2019-20 starting October.
This year (2018-19), the output is likely to be 329.5 lakh tonnes.
The total acreage under sugarcane in the country is estimated to be around 49.31 lakh hectares in 2019-20, which is over 10 percent lower than 2018-19 sugar season's cane area of around 55.02 lakh ha.
Uttar Pradesh, the leading sugarcane and sugar producing state, is estimated to have a sugarcane area at 23.60 lakh hectares in 2019-20, as against 24.11 lakh ha in the previous year, a marginal decrease of about 2 per cent.
"Considering varietal replacement by high yielding cane varieties in remaining parts of the state, an improvement in yield per hectare is expected under normal conditions. Thus, sugar production in UP in 2019-20 is estimated to be around 120 lakh tonnes, which is more or less at the same level of 118.23 lakh tonnes produced in 2018-19," ISMA said.
In Maharashtra, cane area has gone down by about 30 per cent, mainly due to poor rainfall from September 2018 onwards, followed by low reservoir levels, which adversely affected sowing of 15-month and 12-month crops.
So as against the cane area of 11.54 lakh ha in 2018-19, the area is expected to decrease to 8.23 lakh ha in 2019-20. Sugar production is, therefore, estimated to be around 70 lakh tonnes in 2019-20, as against 107.19 lakh tonnes produced in 2018-19.
In Karnataka also, the area under sugarcane in 2019-20 is expected to be about 4.20 lakh tonnes, down from 5.02 lakh tonnes. Sugar production in 2019-20 is estimated to be around 35 lakh tonnes, as against 43.65 lakh tonnes in 2018-19.
Sugarcane area in Tamil Nadu for 2019-20 has decreased to about 2.30 lakh ha as against 2.60 lakh ha in 2018-19. Sugar production is expected to be around 7.5 lakh tonnes in 2019-20 as against 8.60 lakh tonnes in 2018-19.
Across the country, about 328.09 lakh tonnes of sugar have been produced in the country and another 1-1.5 lakh tonnes is expected to be produced in the special season till September end in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, taking total sugar production in 2018-19 to about 329 (329.50) lakh tonnes.
"In the current season 2018-19, about 29.5 crore litres of ethanol made from B heavy molasses/sugarcane juice have been supplied to the OMC's (Oil Marketing Companies) so far. As per standards, this is equivalent to sugar diversion of about 3 lakh tonnes," ISMA said.
After considering rainfall in July-September 2019, the water situation in reservoirs and second set of satellite images in September-October 2019 for across India, ISMA will review the analysis and release its first advance estimates.
"By that time, the crop will be more mature and there will be more clarity on the rainfall and water availability," ISMA said.
First Published: IST